SP Guide Publications puts forth a well compiled articulation of issues, pursuits and accomplishments of the Indian Army, over the years

— General Manoj Pande, Indian Army Chief

I am confident that SP Guide Publications would continue to inform, inspire and influence.

— Admiral R. Hari Kumar, Indian Navy Chief

My compliments to SP Guide Publications for informative and credible reportage on contemporary aerospace issues over the past six decades.

— Air Chief Marshal V.R. Chaudhari, Indian Air Force Chief

Sri Lanka Elections – Beijing's Gain?

November 4, 2019 By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd) Photo(s): By Twitter,
The Author is Former Director General of Information Systems and A Special Forces Veteran, Indian Army


Gotabaya Rajapaksa of Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) and Sajith Premadasa of United National Party (UNP)

Next elections are scheduled in Sri Lanka on November 16. President Sirisena is not contesting. He had caused a constitutional crisis last year by sacking Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe replacing him with former President Mahinda Rajapaksa. However, the Supreme Court later reversed Sirisena's action. Now Sri Lanka's Parliament Select Committee (PSC) has ruled that President Sirisena "actively undermined" national security by suspending police chief Pujith Jayasundara and defence secretary Shantha Kottegoda when revamping the security establishment following the Easter Sunday terror attacks in April this year.

The PSC blamed the Director of State Intelligence Service (SIS) as primarily responsible for the intelligence failure that led to the terror attacks. It may also be recalled Sirisena later admitted that defence and police officials had received an Indian intelligence report warning of the imminent terror attack in April which had also identified the plotters, albeit he had not seen the report. As China's clout grows in the Indo-Pacific, so does its obduracy, vile and cunning. Solomon Islands government recently said that a contract signed by one of its provinces to lease entire island of Tulagi to a Chinese company is unlawful and should be terminated. Recall Pakistan leasing Shaksgam and Gilgit-Baltistan (both Indian Territory) to China.

Inaugurating Sri Lanka's tallest tower on September 16, 2019, Sri Lanka President Maithripala Sirisena said that Chinese firm Aerospace Long-March International Trade Co. Ltd. (ALIT) contracted for the project in 2012 during President Mahinda Rajapaksa disappeared with $11.09 million (SL Rupees 2 billion plus) state funds. Whether Rajapaksa shared the booty or China gifted him all remains unknown but Mahinda Rajapaksa wittingly turned China's surrogate allowing rapid expansion of Chinese influence in Sri Lanka and drowning Sri Lanka in Chinese debt that led to Sri Lanka handing over the strategic Hambantota Port to China for 99 years. This is just one example how China employs its political warfare and money-power. Debauchery of China's rulers is percolating down; a Chinese Team has been disqualified and kicked out from World Military Games for "extensive cheating". There are two front runners in the presidential race: Gotabaya Rajapaksa of Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) and Sajith Premadasa of United National Party (UNP). Gotabaya (younger brother of Mahinda Rajapaksa) was Defence Secretary of Sri Lanka who worked in concert then Army Chief General Sarath Fonseka to herd the LTTE in a corner with the sea behind them and massacre the lot with their families and Tamil populations in the area - both Hindus and Muslims.

According to the UN, the final military offensive against LTTE was a grave assault on the entire regime of international law with as many as 40,000 civilians killed. Fonseka later stated Gotabaya had ordered summary execution of LTTE leaders as they surrendered. Two lawsuits are pending against Gotabaya (a former Lieutenant Colonel of SL Army) in US federal court over war-crimes committed by him as Defence Secretary. Mahinda Rajapaksa is ineligible to run for president under the country's regulations. Gotabaya, who renounced his US citizenship for becoming eligible to contest elections, will likely continue the legacy of Mahinda Rajapaksa. Gotabaya has declared he will not honour the deal with UN concerning war crimes and will release and rehabilitate soldiers jailed for war crimes. Gotabaya has also cashed on the Sunday Easter Islamic bombings by fanning flames of Sinhalese nationalism and has promised that if he becomes President he will re-introduce surveillance of citizens in order to crush extremism and that he will strengthen intelligence services. Importantly, he has also stated that if elected, he will "restore" ties with China. This perhaps is an understatement of the decade given how his elder brother virtually mortgaged the country to China.

On October 23, the Sri Lankan Parliament passed an ambitious interim budget of 1.47 trillion rupees ($8.11 billion) in spending for the first four months of 2020. This expects 745 billion rupees in government revenue in the first four months of 2020 and sought permission to raise it up to 721 billion rupees as loans – this is what China will pounce on. Sajith Premadasa is the son of former President Ranasinghe Premadasa. Latter too had stamp of authoritarian rule and was known to assist the LTTE at the time when the IPKF was pulling out of Sri Lanka. Sajith, presently Minister of Housing, has otherwise been a non-controversial figure, seldom speaking on strategic issues. He has been promising larger rural employment, free mid-day meals in schools, various welfare schemes and free market economy. Yet, he is part of the UNP-led government that has not been able to ensure accountability (massive corruption scandal of Central Bank of Sri Lanka in 2015 being one example) and delivering good governance, showing lack of political will. However, the present Sri Lanka government has shown leaning towards retaining the democratic ways far more than compared to the Mahinda Rajapaksa regime.

Over 15 million Sri Lankan voters will exercise their votes on November 16. Gotabaya appears to have a larger support base with majority Sinhala viewing him as someone who helped crush the LTTE, even though he has little political experience. Businessmen and professionals perhaps also view him as someone who can take quick decisions, his army service giving him administrative experience as well but his presidency will likely see the divide between the Sinhala-Buddhists and others widening sharply. China's influence over Sri Lanka will rise exponentially, with China's BRI consolidating faster. This will have repercussions for the region given the strategic location of Sri Lanka. China should be expected to put its total effort behind a win for Gotabaya. Between Gotabaya and Sajith, latter may be a better choice for Sri Lanka. For that matter, it was the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) and Tamil National Alliance (TNA) that had jointly challenged the unconstitutional act of Sirisena in sacking the incumbent prime minister. Therefore, it may be even better if Sri Lanka's next president be from the JVP for ensuring social and ethnic harmony. But while Tamils may not vote for Gotabaya, the Sinhalese-Buddhist votes may be get split amongst the other presidential candidates, helping Gotabaya win in the process. China would gain most if that happens.