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Beijing’s Continued Logjam

October 20, 2020 By Lt. General P.C. Katoch (Retd) Photo(s): By PIB, Google Map, IAF
The Author is Former Director General of Information Systems and A Special Forces Veteran, Indian Army


Dr. S. Jaishankar, External Affairs Minister of India and Wang Yi, Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China

The Seventh Corps Commander level India-China talks at Chushul on October 12 remained largely inconclusive as expected. The joint statement as reported in Chinese media had similar diplomatic scripts as earlier saying, “The two sides had a sincere and in-depth exchange of views and enhanced understanding of each other’s positions on the disengagement of their front-line troops along the area of Line of Actual Control in the western sector of the India-China border”. Both sides viewed the meeting positive and constructive, and agreed to earnestly implement the important understandings reached by the leaders of the two countries, not turn differences into disputes, and jointly safeguard peace and tranquility in the border areas.

Both nations have agreed to maintain dialogue and communication through military and diplomatic channels, and arrive at a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution to disengagement as early as possible. Media had reported Chinese side would also have a diplomat. Whether one came from Beijing or a local political commissar attended is not known. The joint statement did not mention the Chinese aggression and intrusions. This was expected since India has avoided such reference from the beginning, which was used by China to brand India the aggressor.

Zhao Lijian, China’s foreign ministry spokesman has blamed upgradation of border infrastructure by India as the "root cause" of tensions and warned the move could aggravate the situation between the two countries. Lijian also said India has been increasing troop deployment along the border which has exacerbated tensions. China does not recognise the new union territory of Ladakh which he said was "illegally" established by India. He added China does not recognise Arunachal Pradesh as part of India either. These statements are to divert attention from China’s aggression and President Xi Jinping’s plans to dominate the world using every possible means. India has told China repeatedly not to interfere in India’s internal matters including Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh, which are integral parts of India.

External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar has said that the violent clashes on the India-China border in June had a very deep public and political impact and has left the relationship ‘profoundly disturbed’. He referred to multiple agreements since 1993 that created the framework for peace and tranquility, which limited the military forces that came to the border areas. Replying to a question on the Chinese aggression, Jaishankar said, “I haven’t frankly got any reasonable explanation that I can tell myself from them on this matter. There are today a very large number of troops with weapons concentrated on that segment of the border and that is obviously a very critical security challenge that we face.”

Galwan Valley was the scene of bitter hand-to-hand combat between Indian and Chinese Soldiers

India has called for complete disengagement along the LAC but would PLA revert to its April 2020 positions is the question. Current PLA intrusions in Eastern Ladakh are along the north bank of Pangong Lake, in area of Gogra-Hot Springs and a 20 km deep intrusion in area of Y-Junction in Depsang plains where some 12,000 PLA troops are deployed. China also claims entire Galwan Valley. China would want India to vacate the heights occupied south of Pangong Lake, an area of Chushul and Kailash Range dominating all areas up to the Spangur Gap. India has remained firm on its demand for an early and complete disengagement of troops by China from all the friction points in eastern Ladakh. According to EAM Jaishankar, India and China are engaged in talks to resolve the border standoff and what is going on is “something confidential” between the two sides. Asked specifically about the outcome of the ongoing talks during an online conclave he replied the “discussions are going on and it is a work in progress.”

A news report of October 15, quoting an official, states that China has proposed reducing tensions by moving back forward elements like armoured units deployed by both sides at strategic locations like the Spanggur gap in Chushul. Moving back of tanks by both sides from key friction areas would lead to a significant reduction of tension at the LAC. The Indian side has made it clear that in the sequencing of the withdrawal, moving out troops from heights near the southern bank of the Pangong Tso, which are under Indian control, will come last. The China Study Group is reportedly studying the Chinese proposal.

In the above context, it would be prudent to remember: our airstrips at Chushul and Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO) are prime objectives of China; China is proposing armour pull back from Spanggur Gap but the first priority must be PLA armour and troops from Depsang, and India vacating heights occupied south of Pangong Lake, in area of Chushul and Kailash Range dominating all areas up to the Spanggur Gap will be monumental blunder. Do we still need proof of China’s backstabbing? These heights can be occupied by the PLA in bad weather conditions when surveillance and monitoring systems become ineffective.


Multiple activities point to PLA consolidating its positions in Eastern Ladakh. The mere fact that PLA has deployed some 12,000 troops in Depsang indicates China has no intentions to withdraw and plans to force the intrusions as the new LAC. Intelligence reports reveal China has signed a deal to procure special tents worth about three billion for PLA troops deployed in Ladakh during winter. Visiting a military base in Guangdong on October 13, Xi Jinping asked Chinese troops to put their minds and energy on preparing for war and maintain a state of high alert. News reports of October 17 indicate the PLA has recently conducted live-fire test training exercises with truck-based multiple rocket-propelled mine launchers at a high altitude at an elevation of more than 4,300 meters. There are signs of PLA suffering large number of weather-high altitude casualties in Eastern Ladakh but that would be of little bother to China’s political leadership.

China has been practicing war on multiple fronts. The current PLA intrusion in Depsang is in the same area where PLA had made a 19-km deep intrusion in 2013 (after Xi came to power) and stayed put for three weeks before withdrawing. Since 2014, Xi rehearsed the PLA on a life-sized land model of Ladakh inside China. Should Xi opt for limited war, it would endeavour to ‘paralyse’ the opponents employing algorithmic warfare in the opening round followed by intense bombardment, precision guided and loitering munitions, EMP bombs and swarm drones to minimise the Indian response. Finally, there is little doubt India will give a bloody nose to China.